The Art of Writing an Impressive Compare and Contrast Essay

A Compare and Contrast Essay looks at how things are similar and different. It’s a great way to dig deeper into two or more ideas and better understand how they relate to each other. The teacher assigns such a task to help you develop critical thinking abilities and connections between different topics.

Speaking of which, are you confused about how to take on your compare and contrast essay task? No need to worry; this comprehensive blog post has everything you need to know about this amazing activity.

The Purpose of Compare and Contrast Essay

A compare and contrast essay aims to draw attention to the similarities and differences between two or more subjects. This can involve looking at various aspects such as characteristics, features, qualities, functions, purposes, historical contexts, cultural significance, and more.

Through this examination, a writer can better understand the subjects and gain insights into their broader implications.

The structure of a compare and contrast essay

Generally, a ‘compare and contrast essay writing follows one of two main patterns:

Block Structure

This approach presents the points about one subject in one block and then the points about the other in a separate block. It can help keep the presentation of information organized but may make it difficult for readers to compare the two topics directly.

Point-by-Point Structure 

The writer switches back and forth between talking about similarities and differences between the two topics. This makes it easier to compare them side by side since each point is discussed in relation to both topics in the same part. It lets you analyze the qualities of both subjects more effectively.

Important to Note for Writing a Compare and Contrast Essay

When writing a compare and contrast essay, it’s important to:

  • Clearly define the subjects being compared and contrasted.

  • Identify the points of comparison (similarities) and contrast (differences) you will discuss.

  • Use relevant and accurate examples or evidence to support your points.

  • Provide a well-organized structure with smooth transitions between paragraphs and sections.

  • Focus on a balanced analysis, paying equal attention to the similarities and differences.

  • Consider the significance of the similarities and differences; what do they reveal about the subjects and their contexts?

  • Conclude by summarizing the main points and highlighting the insights gained from the comparison.

Examples of subjects that can be compared and contrasted in such essays include literary works, historical events, scientific theories, philosophical concepts, characters, cultures, products, processes, and more.

How to write a compare and contrast essay? 

An effective compare and contrast essay requires a systematic approach to analyzing the similarities and differences between two or more subjects. Let’s explore the important steps of how to write a compare and contrast essay like a pro.

Step 1: Choose Your Subjects

Choose two topics that possess both important similarities and contrasts. These could be anything from chronological events, literature, scientific hypotheses, philosophical principles, characters, cultures, products, procedures, and more. You can also make a compare and contrast essay outline that will guide your writing process. 

For our example, let’s pick two renowned books: “Pride and Prejudice” by Jane Austen and “Jane Eyre” by Charlotte Brontë.

Step 2: Brainstorm Similarities and Differences

Take note of the similarities and differences between the two novels being compared. Develop a list of these to be used as the basis for the essay’s body. For our example novels:


  • Both these novels are written in the 19th century.

  • Both feature strong female protagonists.

  • You get to read themes of social class and gender roles in both these novels.


  • ‘Jane Eyre’ is a gothic novel, while ‘Pride and Prejudice’ is a comedy of manners.

  • ‘Jane Eyre’ emphasizes individuality and mortality. ‘Pride and Prejudice’ looks into marriage and societal norms.

  • The setting of ‘Jane Eyre’ is in different locations, while the setting of ‘Pride and Prejudice’ is in rural England.

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Step 3: Develop a Thesis Statement

Craft a concise and well-defined thesis statement. It must outline the essay’s purpose and mention the points to be compared and contrasted. You can also check out some compare and contrast essay examples to know how writers form their thesis. 

For example:

“Both ‘Pride and Prejudice’ and ‘Jane Eyre’ feature strong female protagonists and address similar social issues, yet they differ in terms of genre, thematic focus, and setting.”

Step 4: Choose a Structure

It is now the time to either go for a block or point-to-point method.

Block Structure Example:


  • Briefly introduce both the novels.

  • Develop your thesis statement.

Body Paragraph 1: Similarities

  • Write shared aspects between the novels.

  • Provide examples from both novels to support your points.

Body Paragraph 2: Differences

  • Here you will Discuss the differing aspects between the novels.

  • Put in examples from novels to support your point.


  • Sum up the main point of comparison and contrast.

  • Emphasize what you gained from analyzing these similarities.

Point-by-Point Structure Example:


  • Introduce both novels briefly.

  • Develop and present a thesis statement.

Body Paragraphs: Alternating Comparison and Contrast

  • You can start with a main point, like strong female protagonists.

  • Elaborate on this in relation to both novels.

  • Smoothly move towards the contrast of the novels.

  • Similarly, pick another point in relation to both novels and perform the same thing.

  • Continue doing this till no point is left for comparison and contrast.


  • Briefly sum up the main points.

  • Ascertain the significance of similarities and differences.

Step 5: Write the Essay

To further develop each body paragraph, it is important to include detailed explanations, examples, and evidence from the novels. A clear and organized structure should be maintained by using transitions to help guide the reader through the paragraphs and points of comparison or contrast.

Step 6: Revise and Edit

Check your essay to ensure it is clear, logical, and accurate. Make sure your claims are backed up, your facts are pertinent, and your writing is free from typos and grammar mistakes.

Step 7: Conclude Effectively

In the conclusion of your analysis, reiterate your original argument and summarize the points of comparison and contrast you have discussed. Emphasize the importance of the analysis and the perspective brought to bear by examining the topics’ elements.

10 Unique Compare and contrast essay topics

Here is the list of good compare and contrast essay topics for you: 

  • Online Learning vs. Traditional Education

  • Nature vs. Nurture in Child Development

  • Rural Life vs. Urban Life

  • Movies vs. Books

  • Android vs. iOS

  • Digital Art vs. Traditional Art

  • Economic Growth vs. Environmental Conservation

  • Norse Mythology vs. Ancient Greek Mythology

  • College vs. High School

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Compare and Contrast Essay Transition Words

Transition words and phrases are essential in a compare-and-contrast essay as they help guide the reader through its logical flow. These compare and contrast essay transition words and phrases signal the shifts between points of comparison and contrast. Hence creates a cohesive and understandable essay.

Let’s get to understand a few with examples:


Similarly: For comparing two similar points

Example: Similarly, both novels show social class’s impact on the characters’ lives.

Likewise: For suggesting that a certain point is applicable in the same way to both subjects.

Example: The protagonists in both stories face similar challenges; likewise, their growth and development are central to the narratives.

In the same way: Showing that this principle applies to both subjects.

Example: In the same way, the novels use symbolism to convey deeper meanings.


Conversely: When introducing a contrasting point or idea.

Example: ‘Jane Eyre’ is a gothic novel; conversely, ‘Pride and Prejudice’ is a comedy of manners.

On the Other Hand: A signal for shifting to a contrasting perspective.

Example: ‘Jane Eyre’ explores individual moral dilemmas; on the other hand, ‘Pride and Prejudice’ focuses on societal norms.

In contrast: For highlighting a difference between two points.

Example: The setting of ‘Jane Eyre’ is in different locations; in contrast, the setting of ‘Pride and Prejudice’ is rural.

Concluding or Summarizing

In conclusion: It conveys that you are summing up your points and moving forward.

Example: In conclusion, comparing these novels conveys diverse ways female protagonists are portrayed in literature.

To sum up: For offering a concise summary of the main points discussed in the essay.

Example: To sum up, while “Pride and Prejudice” and “Jane Eyre” have similar themes, their differences in genre and thematic focus are huge.

Overall: For providing an overarching assessment of the compared subjects.

Example: Overall, a comparison of these novels underlines the rich variety of storytelling methods within the literary canon.

Additional Points

Furthermore: When adding another point that supports your argument.

Example: Furthermore, both novels address the limitations imposed on women by societal expectations.

Moreover: For indicating that you are presenting an additional supporting point.

Example: Moreover, the contrast between the comedic tone in one novel and the darker atmosphere in the other emphasizes their unique narrative approaches.

Additionally: It is similar to ‘furthermore’ as it introduces another linked point.

Example: Additionally, analyzing the impact of these novels within their respective historical contexts provides valuable insights.

Compare and Contrast Essay Thesis Statement Examples

A thesis statement in a compare and contrast essay provides a concise and clear explanation of the main argument or point of comparison and contrast. It serves as a guide for readers, outlining the main ideas of the essay and highlighting the aspects that will be explored.

Examples of compare and contrast essay thesis statement examples for you to get an idea:

Example 1:

“Although both ‘Pride and Prejudice’ and ‘Jane Eyre’ were written in the 19th-century, their genres, themes and representation of female characters differ.”

This thesis statement examines the similarities and differences between the two novels, noting their shared historical context. It further examines the contrast in genre (comedy of manners versus gothic novel), thematic focus (societal norms and marriage compared to individuality and morality), and the depiction of female protagonists.

Example 2:

“Both George Orwell’s ‘1984’ and Aldous Huxley’s ‘Brave New World’ examine dystopian societies, however, how they portray the control techniques, views on individuality, and consequences for rebellion differ.”

Both of these novels explore the concept of dystopian societies. The subsequent comparison and contrast will focus on the control methods, perspectives on individuality, and the repercussions of defiance.

Example 3:

“The stories of ‘Romeo and Juliet’ and ‘West Side Story’, both of which have tragic love as a theme, vary in terms of background, cultural background, and the type of strife.”

This essay recognizes the shared elements of the play and musical’s tragic love story while at the same time noting the distinctions between them in terms of setting (Verona compared to 1950s New York), cultural context (Renaissance Italy compared to modern urban America), and sources of conflict.

Example 4:

“Both “The Great Gatsby” by F. Scott Fitzgerald and “Death of a Salesman” by Arthur Miller examine the American Dream, but they differ in their representation of accomplishment, social analysis, and the effects of past decisions.”

The theme of this text is the exploration of the American Dream and how it is different between those who seek material wealth and those who favor personal fulfillment. Additionally, it considers how consumerism is either a result of decadence and disillusionment or an effect of it. Lastly, it looks at the repercussions of past decisions.

Example 5:

“In the tech world, Apple and Microsoft have both had a major influence on personal computing, but vary in terms of user experience, the range of software available, and their design principles.”

This thesis discusses the revolutionary effect of personal computing and then compares and contrasts user experience, software ecosystem, and design philosophy.

Remember, a strong compare and contrast thesis statement should present the subjects being compared, highlight the points of comparison and contrast, and provide a roadmap for the reader to follow the upcoming analysis. It’s a crucial element that sets the tone for your entire essay.

steps of writing compare and contrast essay


An essay that compares and contrasts two or more topics is an academic piece that explores the shared characteristics and differences between those topics. Also allowing a better understanding of their relationship and implications.

To be successful, this type of essay should provide a balanced analysis, highlight similarities and differences between the topics, and offer meaningful insights. Hopefully, this blog post was able to convey all the information you need regarding writing a good compare and contrast essay. If you still have issues writing one, you can always count on the best contrast essay writing service providers.

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