How to Write a History Essay

Writing a history essay requires extensive research, critical thinking, logical organization, and effective communication of your arguments. That’s why a student may find this task challenging to tackle.

Speaking of which, are you in sixes and sevens about how to write a history essay? No need to worry, as all your doubts will fade away when you get to the end of this exciting article. So, let’s get started.

Expert Tips on How to Start a History Essay

Understand the Assignment

Pay close attention to the essay prompt and ensure you understand what it’s asking you to do. Figure out the major words or ideas you need to focus on so you stay on track.

Example prompt

“Discuss the impact of the Industrial Revolution on society and its lasting effects.”

Perform Research

Do some research and make sure it’s from reliable sources, like books, scholarly articles, online databases, and more. Jot down notes and try to look at the topic from different angles. Extensive research is the answer when you are looking for how to start a history essay.

Example sources for the Industrial Revolution Essay

Books: “The Industrial Revolution: A Global History” by Robert C. Allen

Articles: “The Social Consequences of the Industrial Revolution” in The Economic History Review

Primary Documents: Letters, diaries, and newspapers from the 18th and 19th centuries

Write a Thesis Statement

Come up with a concise thesis statement that showcases your main point. This statement will be your guide throughout the essay and will help your audience get a better idea of your stance.

Example thesis statement

The Industrial Revolution had a profound impact on society, and it is still shaping the modern world.

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Create An Outline

Make a well-organized outline that lists the main ideas you’ll discuss in your essay. Every major point should support your main argument and be backed up with proof.

Example outline

  • Introduction

  • Background on the Industrial Revolution

  • Thesis statement

  • Economic Impact

  • Increased production and urbanization

  • Creation of the factory system

  • Social Changes

  • Shift from agrarian to industrial society

  • Working conditions and labor movements

  • Cultural Transformations

  • Technological innovations and their influence

  • Changes in art, literature, and education

  • Lasting Effects

  • Legacy of industrialization in modern economies

  • Continuing debates about industrialization’s pros and cons

  • Conclusion

Write a Solid Introduction

Start off by giving some context about the topic and why it’s important. Then, wrap up your intro with your thesis statement.

Example Introduction

“The Industrial Revolution was a huge shift in technology and society. It truly changed the way we live. This essay takes a look at how the Industrial Revolution affected different aspects of life, as well as how it’s still influencing us today.”

Body Paragraphs

For each paragraph, begin with a topic sentence that lays out the point you will focus on. Then, include evidence from your research to back up your argument. Finally, explain and analyze how the evidence you provided supports your point.

Example body paragraph

“The Industrial Revolution caused a massive spike in production and the rise of cities. Machines powered by steam revolutionized how things were made. For example, the spinning jenny has increased thread production and changed the textile business.

This shift to mass production not only helped the economy, but it also created the factory system.”

Analysis and Critical Thinking

Don’t just give facts; think about why those facts are important. Also, explain what the events, trends, and changes mean. Try to look at things from different angles and think about what happened in the past that might be related.

Example Analysis

“The Industrial Revolution had a massive impact on the economy, but it also caused huge changes in society. People left their rural lives behind and headed to cities to find work.

This is something that authors like Charles Dickens wrote about in books like ‘Hard Times. It shows how city life was different from life in the countryside.


In conclusion, re-cap the main points of your essay and reiterate your main thesis. Try to think of the broader implications of your findings and point out any additional areas that could be explored in more detail.

Example conclusion

“In the end, the Industrial Revolution had a lasting effect on our world. It brought about the growth of factories and cities. It has changed the way art and education are experienced.

Even now, its consequences are still being felt. To face the issues and opportunities of today, we need to appreciate the complexities and heritage of this era.”


Ensure you give credit to the original authors by consistently citing your sources. You can use popular writing styles like APA, MLA, or Chicago. Doing this shows that your work is trustworthy.

Revision and Proofreading

Once you finish your essay, review it and look for any mistakes. Check if everything you wrote is clear and makes sense. Overview the document for any grammatical or spelling mistakes; even better if you let someone else review your work.

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Having a strong comprehension of the historical events is critical for writing a history essay. It’s important to conduct plenty of research in order to have an in-depth knowledge of the material.

Additionally, you’ll need to be an adept essay writer to get a good grade. We hope this blog post has given you all the info you need regarding how to write a history essay.

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